Do Male Pigeons Sit On Eggs

Do Male Pigeons Sit On Eggs


The notion of paternal care in the avian world challenges traditional stereotypes, and one striking example of this phenomenon is observed in male pigeons. Pigeons, known for their adaptability and widespread presence in urban landscapes, exhibit a unique approach to reproductive responsibilities. While it is a common perception that egg incubation is a task exclusively shouldered by females in the bird kingdom, male pigeons defy this norm by actively participating in the incubation process. 

This behavior, often referred to as biparental incubation, raises intriguing questions about the dynamics of parental roles and the evolutionary adaptations that enable such shared responsibilities. The decision of male pigeons to sit on eggs suggests a complex interplay of biological, ecological, and social factors. Exploring the reasons behind this behavior unveils a fascinating aspect of avian life and challenges preconceived notions about gender roles in the animal kingdom.

 By delving into the mechanisms and benefits of biparental incubation in pigeons, we gain valuable insights into the diverse strategies employed by birds to ensure the survival and success of their offspring. Understanding the dynamics of egg incubation in male pigeons poultry not only contributes to our knowledge of avian behavior but also prompts broader reflections on the intricate web of strategies that animals adopt to navigate the challenges of reproduction and parenting.

Do Male Pigeons Sit On Eggs

Do male pigeons sit on eggs at night?

In other birds, including some sandpipers, pigeons, and doves, the female incubates at night while the male takes his turn during “working hours” — about 9 A.M to 5 P.M. Both sexes of most woodpeckers alternate during the day, but the male sits on the eggs at night.

Yes, male pigeons do participate in incubating eggs, and this includes sitting on the eggs at night. Pigeons exhibit biparental care, where both the male and female take turns incubating the eggs. The purpose of incubation is to keep the eggs warm and facilitate the development of the embryos inside. Maintaining a consistent temperature is crucial for the successful development of the eggs.

During the incubation period, which typically lasts a few weeks, both male and female pigeons share the responsibility of sitting on the eggs. They take turns to ensure that the eggs are continuously warmed, providing an environment conducive to embryonic development. This cooperative effort reflects an adaptive strategy that enhances the chances of reproductive success for the pigeon pair, as shared incubation allows both parents to contribute to the well-being of their offspring.

Do female or male pigeons sit on the eggs?

The incubation period for common pigeons is 17 to 19 days. The female sits on the egg from late afternoon through the night until about 10AM. The male then takes over and does the day shift

Both female and male pigeons actively participate in incubating their eggs, reflecting a biparental care system. The process of incubation is crucial for the successful development of the embryos within the eggs. Typically, the female pigeon initiates the incubation process by laying the eggs, and she shares the responsibility of sitting on them with the male. The pair engages in a coordinated effort, taking turns to incubate the eggs while the other forages for food or stands guard.

This shared incubation duty is not only about maintaining the optimal temperature for the eggs but also about providing protection and security. The bodies of the pigeons, whether male or female, create a warm and sheltered environment for the developing embryos. This cooperative approach to incubation is essential for the reproductive success of the pigeon pair.

The biparental care observed in pigeons challenges traditional notions of gender roles in parenting, highlighting the adaptability and cooperation exhibited by these birds in ensuring the well-being of their offspring. Both male and female pigeons play integral roles in the incubation process, underscoring the importance of collaboration in avian reproductive strategies.

Why do pigeons sit on their eggs?

Pigeons will start their life in an egg. The mother pigeon will sit on these eggs incubating them for around 18 days. Usually only 2 eggs are laid at a time due to the size the babies can reach before it’s time for them to leave the nest.

Pigeons, like many other bird species, engage in incubation to ensure the proper development of their eggs. Incubation involves keeping the eggs warm by sitting on them, and it serves several essential purposes in the reproductive process:

Temperature Regulation: The primary purpose of incubation is to maintain a consistent and optimal temperature for the developing embryos inside the eggs. The warmth provided by the parent pigeons helps accelerate the growth and development of the embryos.

Embryonic Development: The heat generated during incubation is crucial for the biochemical processes taking place within the eggs. It supports the development of organs, bones, and other structures in the growing embryos, increasing the chances of successful hatching.

Protection: Sitting on the eggs also offers protection from environmental factors and potential predators. The body of the incubating pigeon provides a shield that helps regulate temperature, shields the eggs from the elements, and reduces the likelihood of the eggs being targeted by predators.

Parental Bonding: Incubation plays a role in the establishment and reinforcement of the bond between the parent pigeons. Both the male and female pigeons take turns incubating, contributing to a cooperative effort in raising their offspring.

Pigeons sit on their eggs as part of their instinctual parental behavior to create a suitable environment for the development of the embryos, ensure their protection, and contribute to the overall reproductive success of the pair.

Do both male and female pigeons sit in a nest?

Incubation begins after the second egg of each clutch is produced, with both parents taking turns sitting on and guarding the nest. The male takes the day shift and the female spells him for the evening and night shift so that the eggs are covered 99 percent of the time. At night, the male roosts elsewhere.

Both male and female pigeons actively participate in nesting and incubation activities. Pigeons exhibit a biparental care system, where both partners play crucial roles in ensuring the success of their reproductive efforts. The nesting process typically begins with the male and female working together to build a nest, which is often a simple arrangement of twigs and other materials. Once the nest is prepared, both pigeons take turns incubating the eggs. This cooperative effort involves one bird incubating while the other goes foraging for food or standing guard to protect the nest.

This shared responsibility extends to the incubation period, which lasts about 17 to 19 days. The pigeons switch roles during this time, allowing both parents to contribute to keeping the eggs warm and facilitating the development of the embryos. The active involvement of both male and female pigeons in the nesting and incubation process underscores the importance of cooperation in avian reproductive strategies, contributing to the overall success of raising healthy offspring. This biparental care system is a fascinating aspect of pigeon behavior and highlights the adaptability and flexibility of these birds in adapting to the demands of parenting.

Is the pigeon nest on the balcony good or bad?

If a pigeon comes home, then your misfortune can turn into good luck. It is said in the scriptures that pigeons are devotees of Goddess Lakshmi. That’s why having a pigeon in the house increases happiness and peace.

The suitability of a pigeon nest on a balcony depends on various factors and perspectives. From the perspective of the pigeons, a balcony may be perceived as a suitable nesting site due to its elevated position, which provides a degree of safety from ground-based predators. However, from a human standpoint, having a pigeon nest on the balcony can be seen as both good and bad.

On the positive side, it offers a unique opportunity to observe the natural behaviors of pigeons up close. Watching the nesting process, from the construction of the nest to the incubation of eggs and the rearing of chicks, can provide valuable insights into avian biology. It also allows individuals to connect with nature and appreciate the diversity of wildlife in urban environments.

On the downside, pigeon droppings can accumulate and create a mess on the balcony. This may lead to hygiene concerns, potential damage to property, and an overall inconvenience for the residents. Pigeons can be noisy and their presence might be considered a nuisance by some.

Whether a pigeon nest on the balcony is considered good or bad depends on individual perspectives, with factors such as personal tolerance for wildlife, hygiene considerations, and the desire for a close encounter with nature playing a role in the assessment.

What to do if a pigeon lays an egg on your balcony?

If you take the babies off of your balcony and move them, even if it’s to a “nice” spot like the local park, they will die. The best thing to do is to let the parents raise this one set of babies. It will take less than a month, they grow up so fast.

If a pigeon has laid an egg on your balcony, it’s to approach the situation with consideration for both the bird’s needs and your own. Firstly, it’s crucial to recognize that many bird species, including pigeons, are protected by laws preventing the disturbance or harm to their nests and eggs. Therefore, removing or destroying the egg is not advisable.

To manage the situation, you can start by providing a safe and quiet environment for the nesting pigeon. Keep a respectful distance to minimize stress on the bird. Pigeons typically lay one or two eggs, and the incubation period is around 17 to 19 days. During this time, avoid disturbing the nest, as consistent incubation is vital for the egg’s development.

Once the eggs hatch, you may witness the parents caring for their chicks. It’s to continue allowing the birds to complete their nesting cycle undisturbed. If you find that the presence of the pigeons is causing issues, such as excessive droppings or noise, consider implementing non-intrusive deterrents after the nesting cycle is complete. Keep in mind that interfering with nesting birds can have legal implications, so it’s best to observe and coexist with nature when possible.

Can I touch pigeon eggs?

Touching an egg (or chick) or moving it within the nest will make no difference to the parents. The idea that birds will reject an egg or chick due to human scent is an old wive’s tale and has been thoroughly debunked.

It’s generally best to avoid touching pigeon eggs or any bird eggs, unless absolutely necessary. Bird eggs are delicate, and handling them can potentially cause harm. The outer layer of the egg, called the bloom or cuticle, helps protect the developing embryo from bacteria. Touching the egg can remove this protective layer and may interfere with the egg’s ability to regulate moisture.

The scent left by human hands on the egg may be detected by the parent birds, potentially leading them to abandon the nest out of concern for the safety of their eggs. The oils on our skin can also be transferred to the egg, disrupting its natural environment.

If you find a pigeon nest with eggs on your balcony or elsewhere, it’s to observe from a distance and allow the parent birds to care for the eggs. Pigeons are known for their adaptability, and they are likely to choose nesting sites that they find suitable. If you are concerned about the location of the nest, consider using non-intrusive methods to deter the pigeons after the nesting cycle is complete.

If you believe the eggs or birds are in immediate danger or distress, it may be appropriate to contact local wildlife authorities or rehabilitators for guidance.

Do pigeons sleep with their eggs?

If you had to guess where birds sleep at night, you might say their nests. It’s not a bad guess, but it’s not correct. Birds only use their nests to keep their eggs and newly-hatched babies warm, secure, and safe, but birds do not sleep in their nests once the sun sets.

Yes, pigeons, like many bird species, do sleep with their eggs during the incubation period. Incubation is a critical phase in the reproductive cycle where the parent birds keep the eggs warm to facilitate embryonic development. Pigeons, exhibiting biparental care, take turns incubating the eggs. When one pigeon is on the nest, it remains there throughout the night, sleeping alongside the eggs to ensure a consistent and optimal temperature.

The sleeping posture of pigeons during incubation involves them lowering their bodies and covering the eggs with their feathers to provide warmth and protection. This behavior not only maintains the necessary temperature for the developing embryos but also serves as a safeguard against potential threats.

The commitment of pigeons to incubation, including sleeping with the eggs, is a testament to their dedication to the reproductive process. This shared responsibility between male and female pigeons contributes to the overall success of raising healthy offspring.

Do Male Pigeons Sit On Eggs


The revelation that male pigeons actively engage in the incubation of eggs challenges conventional assumptions about gender roles in avian parenting. The biparental incubation observed in pigeons introduces a nuanced perspective into the intricate world of avian behavior, showcasing the adaptability and flexibility of these birds in responding to the demands of reproduction. This phenomenon underscores the importance of considering a broader spectrum of parenting strategies beyond the traditional roles assigned to males and females, prompting a reevaluation of preconceived notions about the distribution of parental responsibilities in the natural world.

Moreover, the study of male pigeons sitting on eggs provides a valuable window into the evolutionary pressures and ecological dynamics that shape avian reproductive strategies. Unraveling the factors that drive biparental incubation sheds light on the intricate interplay between genetics, environment, and social structures, offering a more comprehensive understanding of the challenges and opportunities that birds face during the crucial stages of reproduction. As we continue to explore the diverse behaviors exhibited by different bird species, the insights gained from the unconventional parenting roles of male pigeons contribute not only to ornithological knowledge but also to broader discussions about the diversity of life strategies in the animal kingdom.

Ultimately, the discovery of male pigeons taking an active role in incubating eggs serves as a poignant reminder that nature’s strategies are as varied as they are fascinating, challenging us to approach the study of animal behavior with an open mind and a willingness to reconsider established norms. This revelation opens new avenues for future research, inviting scientists and enthusiasts alike to delve deeper into the mysteries of avian biology and explore the rich tapestry of behaviors that contribute to the survival and success of diverse species in the natural world.

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